raining Needs Analysis: 6 Advantages and How to Conduct an Assessment.

When properly implemented, they can serve as a tool for raising performance. When implemented incorrectly, they can be very expensive and demotivating.

What am I referring to?

I’m referring about a training needs analysis, though. A TNA or training needs assessment is one name for it.

This article will explain what a training needs analysis is and how to use it properly to maximise its efficacy.

I’ll also go through some practical resources you can utilise to determine your workforce’s training requirements and how to meet them. We frequently receive approaches from firms seeking management training based just on a hunch. Yes, a sentiment. Nothing about it is scientific, and no particular expertise is required. If all of your managers are at the same level, this is OK. But what if some people have the position for the first time while others have 30 years of experience? They will all need different kinds of instruction.

What Is An Analysis Of Training Needs?

Training Needs Analysis (TNA) is the process of identifying the gap between employee training and the needs of training.

In a nutshell, it’s understanding which abilities, comprehension, and behaviours to grow through training and development in order to get better performance.

The bottom line is that!

Performance enhancement is the key.

So what’s the point of a TNA? Here are six advantages of performing some sort of training needs analysis.

TNA Benefits


  1. The first benefit of TNAs is that they let you spot knowledge and technical skill gaps before they become an issue.

One significant advantage of conducting a training needs analysis is that it can assist you and the employee in identifying any knowledge and skill gaps before they become a problem and negatively affect the business or the individual. It is much preferable to draw attention to the possible issue and find a solution than to have to handle a problem brought on by the gap. Instead of waiting for anything to go wrong before you recognise there is an issue, the training needs analysis will enable you to adopt a proactive approach.

  1. They aid in planning your yearly training schedule.

After completing the TNA, you will be able to schedule your Leadership Development Program or other learning and development activities, enabling you to match training with working procedures, patterns of high company activity, and crucially, build a budget for your training throughout the year.

  1. Training highlights you might not have thought about

Within a large organization, it is frequently challenging to create a training plan without first conducting some kind of background investigation. A TNA may reveal areas where your team needs training that you had never even considered. You may believe that you know the kind of training your team needs to complete.

You might not have thought about a specific area of training without the help of a TNA, which might have seriously hampered your business.

  1. Allows training to be concentrated on the appropriate areas

You can identify exactly what you need to focus on by completing a TNA, but it will also show you which areas your team doesn’t currently require any additional training in.

Important point: conducting more training on a subject may be a time and money waste if there are no obvious knowledge or skill gaps.

  1. Aids in selecting training candidates

The trick is to make sure the correct individuals are in the right training sessions, thus choosing who should attend training is a crucial stage in the planning process. Making sure everyone in your organisation attends each and every training you conduct serves no purpose. To be completely honest, the business is wasting all of its resources—energy, time, and money. This strategy also results in disengaged and demotivated employees because staff will not be interested in training sessions if they are required to regularly attend training that is useless to them.

Using a TNA will allow you to target the right individuals for each training session, ensuring that everyone is following a customised training schedule and maximising their benefit.

The administration of apprenticeship programmes is one instance of this. Management apprenticeships, sales executive apprenticeships, professional coaching apprenticeships, project management apprenticeships, and customer service apprenticeships are among the training we offer. A skills scan, also known as an initial training needs analysis, is required as part of the funding for each of these initiatives.


A skills scan compares all learners to predetermined standards to see whether they meet the programme’s requirements for knowledge, skills, and behaviours. You will likely require a score of six or lower on a scale of ten to be accepted into the programme. Any higher and you may be considered to be “qualified” enough for the programme. As a result, a TNA can be quite helpful here.


  1. Aids in prioritising your training requirements

Planning training can be challenging for most firms since it can be difficult to prioritise which training is most crucial. Using a TNA, you can identify the training that must be finished right away and the training that may wait until later in the year.

Performing A Training Needs Analysis

So where do you even begin?

An organisational needs assessment (ONA), which includes exactly what your organisation needs to thrive, grow, and improve, would ideally be conducted initially by your organisation.

Up top, there is a sizable gap analysis!

This then filters down to departmental requirements, and lastly to an evaluation of the individual’s training needs.

L&D, HR, and managers frequently only want to know what their employees need to perform their jobs more efficiently. Consequently, it can be both a tactical and a strategic action.

Model for Training Needs Analysis

The TNA model Blanchard and Thacker produced is quite helpful.

They divided the training requirements assessment method into five different categories.

Organizational Assistance

It all comes down to getting your key stakeholders to align and agree that a TNA is necessary, as well as how it will be carried out.

With a trigger event, which occurs when a person or group in power realises that the Actual Organizational Performance (AOP) is lower than the Expected Organizational Performance, I’ve seen this frequently occur. (EOP)

Event Trigger = AOP + EOP

If you’re going to start with an organisational requirements analysis, it usually has to come from above. However, if you’re looking for a department, team, or individual training needs analysis, it can be carried out without an ONA, though it will be more tactical and based on the needs of your employees rather than coupling the skills they’ll need both now and in the future to help your organisation meet its goals.

Enterprise Analysis

As previously noted, this has to do with establishing the TNA’s aims and objectives, and it will begin with a needs analysis of the organisation.

Consider your organisation’s goals, determine whether the training environment is conducive, and note any external or regulatory restrictions that might stand in the way of your objectives.

Analysis of Requirements

Here, you’re considering the numerous responsibilities you have and how you’ll gauge the competence of the individuals performing them. The possibilities for doing this are presented in the following section.

You’ll also be considering the individuals who will be a part of the TNA, whether you’re doing it departmentally, across the board, or role per role.

Each function will be different, requiring a separate set of criteria on which to base the analysis, in addition to measuring your missions, values, and behaviours.

Job Evaluation

Where the rubber hits the road is here! The following will need to be decided for each role:

  • tasks for the position
  • knowledge necessary
  • abilities needed
  • abilities necessary
  • Then, you may create task and KSA clusters.


Character Analysis

The knowledge, skill, and ability gaps are then identified, and a plan of action is created to close them.

Typically, a development plan is written once some goals and key performance indicators have been established.

Training isn’t always the solution, though. Other options can include reading a book, online learning, coaching, mentoring, and mentoring! There are countless options for filling the gaps.

How to Perform a Needs Analysis for Training

You can assess your people’s knowledge, skills, and abilities in a number of methods. Let’s examine some of the most popular choices.

Competency-Based Evaluations

These might come in a variety of shapes, such as aptitude exams, skill checklists, gap analyses, and behavioural evaluations. In examinations that are competency-based, employees must demonstrate their proficiency in a number of domains that are based on the standards of excellence for the position.

360-Degree Reaction

Here, knowledge, abilities, and behaviours are evaluated using

the learner in question (self-assessment)

The line manager for the student

reports directly from the learner

friends of the student

What do the student’s direct reports think? The learner may believe they are excellent at a certain task. The gap between opinion and reality could be very wide.

Instead of only using the learner’s self-assessment, you can better understand the learner’s strengths and places for improvement by gathering training needs through a 360 degree feedback activity.

Data from performance management

Consider all the reviews and one-on-one meetings that occur in your company.

On the results of these, there is a wealth of data that may be employed.

Training evaluation needs can be easily determined if reviews are conducted consistently and in the same style. The difficulty arises if reviews are conducted on an as-needed basis and there is no established procedure for compiling and acquiring data.

Questionnaires for TNA

A TNA questionnaire often involves a self-evaluation of one’s abilities, knowledge, and behaviour. Each student will receive a survey, and they will rate themselves, often out of 5 or 10.

It is TNA’s most basic form, yet it works.

SWOT evaluation

I’ve seen this done both individually and in groups before. In terms of a group, you can bring learners who are in the same role together and ask them to brainstorm all the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats in terms of their role as well as the knowledge, skills, and behaviours that are necessary in their role through some interactive exercises and practical activities.

Once gathered, you may ask everyone to rank each of the supplied criteria against themselves.

Window Johari

This can be a tool for identifying team or individual training requirements.

The Johari Window can be used by the facilitator to pinpoint strengths and flaws. When you can assemble a team or department, this works effectively.

Template for Training Needs Assessment

Here is an example of a basic training needs assessment. It’s a straightforward excel file to give you an idea of the potential final product’s appearance. This would be a department’s or a team’s overall TNA. Several management development competencies are demonstrated in this scenario.

You’ll need to gather the competencies you wish to evaluate in advance and make some preparations. Sort these into areas of knowledge, skills, and behaviors, or competency.

The next step is to choose a scale. The majority of firms employ a 0 to 5 or a 0 to 10 scale. It’s crucial to offer the rating scale some direction. What does a 2 look like, for instance? How does a 10 appear? Give a story so that students may rate themselves regularly. If someone has extremely high standards and finds it difficult to congratulate himself, their “10” for instance can be another person’s “8.”

Template for Training Needs Assessment

an example of scoring guidance.

Rating Guidance
0 Absolutely no expertise on the subject. Never knew about it.
1 Heard about it, is aware of it, but lacks the necessary skills or knowledge.
2 gaining some understanding of the subjects. hardly any application.
3 In-depth knowledge but uneven application.
4 Extremely competent and reliable in job
5 Advanced level. at the office, uses. might mentor and instruct others on it.


Software Tool for Needs Analysis in Training

You might consider employing a training needs analysis software programme to assist you if you want to advance your TNA. Your campaigns will run automatically as a result, and setting them up and starting them usually only takes a few minutes.

The tool will distribute the surveys, collect the information, and it should also compile and analyse the information for you. Excel-based training needs assessments will be a thing of the past.

We created a tool that we name Feedo. It gives organisations the ability to assess the training needs of their staff and comes with over 600 distinct questionnaires.

You can run 360-degree feedback, 180-degree feedback, and TNA campaigns with the tool. The best software for analysing training needs is this one.

This has the advantage of allowing you to roll up departures at the team, departmental, or organisational level. As a result, it is simple to spot the gaps in abilities, knowledge, and conduct because you can assess what you like.

To discuss how Feedo can assist you, get in touch.

Advantages of Training

When properly implemented, a TNA can benefit both the organisation and the individual. The person gains because they are better at their job and are more motivated and involved in what they are doing as a result. The organisation gains because it benefits from all the increased output, productivity, and effectiveness of its workforce.

Still need to be persuaded. What precisely are the advantages of training? Here are a few causes:

  • an increase in job satisfaction
  • higher performance
  • increased motivation and morale
  • lower rates of attrition
  • increased output increased sales
  • High client satisfaction rates
  • higher levels of engagement
  • decreased waste
  • career advancement
  • Opportunities for promotions
  • demonstrates your value to your people
  • increases IT and software proficiency
  • better workplace and culture
  • draws personnel there to work

An evaluation of training needs is where it all begins, too!

Mishkaat online management training option is here to help you meet those needs as part of a blended strategy if you’ve already finished your TNA.

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